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Dr. Weiss specializes in issues broadly motivated by climate change concerns, such as renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy storage, the interaction between electricity, gas and transportation, and carbon pricing and the impact these changes have on existing assets, market structures, and long-term planning needs for electric utilities in North America, Europe, and the Middle East.

His consulting and expert testimony experience have focused on the impact of changing regulatory and incentive frameworks for low-carbon technologies, on the economics of both renewable generation sources and existing generation assets, and on the design of efficient incentive mechanisms for renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy storage, and climate change measures.

Jürgen has advised clients and authored reports on the design of incentives for renewable energy, the impact of renewable energy on existing wholesale markets, the role energy storage might play in future energy systems characterized by an increasing share of renewable energy, the optimal choice of alternative approaches to lowering energy consumption and/or GHG emissions, and the implications of a changing energy system on wholesale market design. He has also been active in determining the value of electric power assets in a quickly changing market environment.

Jürgen has testified in U.S. state and federal courts, as well as in state regulatory proceedings on related issues, most recently on several long-term contracts for renewable power projects. He has served on advisory councils as diverse as one for California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard and the King Abdullah City of Atomic and Renewable Energy in Saudi Arabia.

Representative Engagements
Integrating large amounts of renewables in Saudi Arabia
Part of a legal and economic team assisting ECRA, the Saudi electricity regulator, in developing the necessary rules and regulations to accommodate the addition of significant amounts of renewable (and potentially nuclear) energy by 2032.
Learning investment for offshore wind
For a coalition of NGOs including the Center for American Progress, the Sierra Club, the Clean Energy States Alliance and the US Offshore Wind Collaborative, analyzed the potential of offshore wind to reach grid parity and the potential cumulative subsidies needed.
Best practices for renewable energy support
For the Bipartisan Policy Center, led a study (co-authored with Pedro Marin) to explore the set rationales for direct renewable support as well as lessons learned from domestic and international approaches to supporting renewable energy.
Carbon pricing and trading
Part of a Brattle team hired by one of the large utilities to analyze the potential impact of imperfect market design on the efficiency of the cap and trade system implemented under AB32.
Testimony
Direct Prefiled Testimony of Judy W. Chang and Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Response to NSTAR Electric Company’s Petitions for Approval of a Purchase Power and Renewable Energy Certificate Contract in accordance with the requirements of the Act Relative to Green Communities (St. 2008, c. 169, § 83) and the Request for Proposal Process approved by the Department of Public Utilities in D.P.U. 10-76, before the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, Dockets No. 11-05, 11-06 and 11-07
May 2011
Testimony (Oral) of Dr. Jurgen Weiss and Judy W. Chang in Response to the Petition of Massachusetts Electric Company and Nantucket Electric Company d/b/a National Grid for approval by the Department of Public Utilities of amended power purchase agreements between National Grid and Cape Wind Associates, LLC., before the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, Docket No. 10-54
September 2010
Deposition of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in MC ASSET RECOVERY, LLC, Plaintiff, v. THE SOUTHERN COMPANY, Defendant, CIVIL ACTION No. 1:06-CV-0417-BBM
February 2008
Expert Report of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in MC ASSET RECOVERY, LLC, Plaintiff, v. THE SOUTHERN COMPANY, Defendant, CIVIL ACTION No. 1:06-CV-0417-BBM
December 2007
Deposition of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Tractebel Energy Marketing, Inc., Plaintiff, against AEP Power Marketing, Inc., American Electric Power Company, Inc., and Ohio Power Company, defendants, 03 CIV.6731(HB)(JCF); and Ohio Power Company and AEP Power Marketing, Inc., Plaintiff, against Tractebel Energy Marketing, Inc. and Tractebel S.A. (now known as Suez-Tractebel S.A.), Defendants. 03 CIV.6770(HB)(JCF)
March 2005
Rebuttal Report of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Tractebel Energy Marketing, Inc., Plaintiff, against AEP Power Marketing, Inc., American Electric Power Company, Inc., and Ohio Power Company, defendants, 03 CIV.6731(HB)(JCF); and Ohio Power Company and AEP Power Marketing, Inc., Plaintiff, against Tractebel Energy Marketing, Inc. and Tractebel S.A. (now known as Suez-Tractebel S.A.), Defendants. 03 CIV.6770(HB)(JCF)
February 2005
Direct Testimony of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Petition and tariff filing of Green Mountain Power Corporation re:proposed rate design changes to take effect January 1, 2005, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6958
December 2004
Prefiled Testimony of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Petition and tariff filing of Green Mountain Power Corporation re: proposed rate design changes to take effect January 1, 2005, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6958
August 2004
Direct Testimony of Dr. Jürgen Weiss in Investigation into General Order No.45 filed by Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation re: proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station and related transactions, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6545
2002
Prefiled Rebuttal Testimony of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Investigation into General Order No.45 filed by Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation re: proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station and related transactions, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6545
January 2002
Direct Testimony of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Investigation into General Order No.45 filed by Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation re: proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station and related transactions, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6300
May 2000
Prefiled Testimony of Dr. Jurgen Weiss in Investigation into General Order No.45 filed by Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation re: proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station and related transactions, in front of the Vermont Public Service Board, Docket No. 6300
April 2000
Publications
Article
The Electrification Accelerator: Understanding the Implications of Autonomous Vehicles for Electric Utilities
January 04, 2018
Will Gorman, Tony Lee, Jürgen Weiss, Ryan Hledik, and Roger Lueken
Published in The Electricity Journal

This article discusses the implications autonomous vehicles, ride sharing/ride hailing, and electric vehicles (EVs) may have for electric utilities and the utility business model.

Presentation
Electrification: Opportunities for Multiple Win Wins (Executive Forum)
October 05, 2017
Presented to Executive Forum: Business Collaboration to Accelerate Electric Vehicle Markets
Presentation
Electrification Opportunities and Challenges
September 13, 2017
Presented to Clean Energy Legislative Academy
Report
Pricing Carbon into NYISO’s Wholesale Energy Market to Support New York’s Decarbonization Goals
August 10, 2017
Prepared for the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO)
The study, prepared for the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO), finds that adding a carbon charge into the wholesale energy market could improve the state’s ability to meet its decarbonization goals cost-effectively.
Presentation
Electrification: Opportunities for Multiple Win Wins (Repowering the Western Economy)
June 01, 2017
Presented to Repowering the Western Economy
Presentation
Electrification: Opportunities for Multiple Win Wins
May 31, 2017
Presented at the Rhode Island Power Sector Transformation Technical Meeting
Report
Renewable Energy Growth Program Analysis
May 12, 2017
Prepared for the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources and the Distributed

The Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources (OER) and Distributed Generation Board engaged The Brattle Group to conduct a study to assess the economic, jobs, and environmental impacts of the Renewable Energy Growth (REG) Program years 2015 and 2016 as well as to estimate, based on the experience with program years 2015 and 2016, the expected impacts of the overall REG program between 2015 and 2019.

Presentation
Hurry or Wait? Pacing the Roll-Out of Renewables in the face of Climate Change
April 13, 2017
Presented at Boston University's Institute for Sustainable Energy's Spring 2017 Seminar Series
Presentation
Electrification: Emerging Opportunities for Load Growth
April 03, 2017
Presented at the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) Conference on Transportation Electrification
Report
Electrification: Emerging Opportunities for Utility Growth
January 24, 2017
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.

The whitepaper shows the potential for U.S. utility sales to nearly double by 2050 while energy sector carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions could decrease by 70 percent or more through the electrification of transportation and heating.

Report
The Clean Power Plan: Focus on Implementation and Compliance
January 2016
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Article
Understanding the UK’s Potential for Demand Response
December 12, 2015
Published in Utility Week
Article
Hurry or Wait – The Pros and Cons of Going Fast or Slow on Climate Change
July 2015
Eleanor Denny and Jürgen Weiss
Published in The Economists' Voice, Volume 12, Issue 1
Report
Integrating Renewable Energy into the Electricity Grid: Case studies showing how system operators are maintaining reliability
June 2015
Prepared for the Advanced Energy Economy Institute
Report
Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Policy Review for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
May 2015
Jürgen Weiss, Ahmad Faruqui, Ryan Hledik, Neil Lessem, Greg Wikler, Surya Swamy, Keith Downes, Jon Strahl, Amjad Alkam, and John Gulliver
Prepared for The Electricity and Co-generation Regulatory Authority
Report
EPA’s Clean Power Plan and Reliability: Assessing NERC's Initial Reliability Review
February 2015
Prepared for Advanced Energy Economy Institute
Article
What can (or should) we take away from Germany’s renewable energy experience?
January 2015
Published in Electricity Daily
Article
Germany’s Energiewende Enjoys Broad Support, But Policy and Technical Challenges Must be Solved
December 2014
Published in Climate Change Business Journal, Volume VII
Report
Solar Energy Support in Germany: A Closer Look
July 30, 2014
Prepared for the Solar Energy Industries Association
Report
Policy Brief - EPA’s Proposed Clean Power Plan: Implications for States and the Electric Industry
June 2014
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Report
Exploring Natural Gas and Renewables in ERCOT, Part III: The Role of Demand Response, Energy Efficiency, and Combined Heat & Power
May 29, 2014
Prepared for the Texas Clean Energy Coalition (TCEC)
Report
A Market-based Regional Approach to Valuing and Reducing GHG Emissions from Power Sector
April 2014
Prepared for Great River Energy
Presentation
A Market-based Regional Approach to Implementing EPA’s GHG Emissions Regulation
February 05, 2014
Judy Chang, Jürgen Weiss, Yingxia Yang, Jon Brekke, and Will Kaul
Report
Exploring Natural Gas and Renewables in ERCOT Part II: Future Generation Scenarios for Texas
December 10, 2013
Prepared for The Texas Clean Energy Coalition
Presentation
Policies for Energy Provider-Delivered Energy Efficiency in North America
October 17, 2013
Presented to The World Bank, Washington, DC
Presentation
Partnering Natural Gas and Renewables in ERCOT
June 11, 2013
Prepared for the Texas Clean Energy Coalition; sponsored by the Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation
Report
The Importance of Long-Term Contracting for Facilitating Renewable Energy Project Development
May 07, 2013
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Report
A Learning Investment-Based Analysis of the Economic Potential for Offshore Wind: The Case of the United States
February 28, 2013
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Article
What is the role of cap-and-trade schemes in reducing CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions?
February 07, 2013
Published in CommentVisions
Publication
Demonstrating cost effectiveness for offshore wind: What works and what does not?
December 2012
Presented at the Offren World Summit, London, UK
Report
Reforming Renewable Support in the United States: Lessons from National and International Experience
November 2012
Prepared for the Bipartisan Policy Center
Report
The Potential Impact of Solar PV on Electricity Markets in Texas
June 19, 2012
Prepared for the Solar Energy Industries Association and the Energy Foundation
Publication
Evaluating the Trade-Offs Between “Conventional” Electricity Storage and Thermal Storage
June 2012
Presented at the 5th Energy Storage Forum, Rome, Italy
Presentation
Energy Storage and RE: Opportunities and Challenges
June 2012
Presented at the Grid-Scale Energy Storage Conference, Brussels
Presentation
Energy Storage Technology and Economics
January 2012
Presented at the World Future Energy Summit, Abu Dhabi
Article
Gas Demand Response
2011
Published in Public Utilities Fornightly's Spark
Report
The Economic Impact of AB 32 on Localities: A Look at Chula Vista
December 2010
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Report
The Economic Impact of AB 32 on Small Businesses: An Update
October 2010
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Report
Renewables and Storage – Does Size Matter?
March 11, 2010
Published by The Brattle Group, Inc.
Report
Whacking the Mac: Why we should be skeptical about negative-cost carbon abatement
August 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
Waxman-Markey Unintended Consequences of the Auction Reserve Price
June 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
Waxman-Markey Math: What are the numbers and what might they mean?
May 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
The Current Waxman-Markey Discussion Draft: Trouble for RGGI and US Cap-and-Trade?
April 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
Freely-allocating GHG allowances: Reducing carbon market efficiency and creating windfall profits
April 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
Allocation of allowances would likely make cutting GHG emissions more costly
April 2009
Published by Watermark Economics, LLC
Report
Carbon Cap and Trade versus Tax: Getting beyond the basics
April 2009
Published by Watermark Economics, LLC
Report
What to Expect, and What Not to Expect, from Carbon Risk Disclosure
April 2009
Published by Watermark Economics LLC, reprinted by permission
Report
Whack the MAC: Why we should be skeptical about negative-cost carbon abatement and how to unlock the potential of conservation investments
February 2009
Published by Watermark Economics, LLC
Report
Modeling & Forecasting Carbon Prices
November 2008
Published by Watermark Economics, LLC
Report
Integrating Fuel Cells and RPS Markets: Recommendations and Strategies for Advancing Fuel Cells, Distributed Generation and RPS Markets
June 2006
Published by Clean Energy Group Working Paper
Presentation
Economic Challenges to Developing DG under RPS
May 16, 2006
Presented at EUCI’s 2nd Annual Conference on Renewable Portfolio Standards East: Understanding Markets, Development And Technology
Presentation
Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage: Some Size, Location and Market Structure Issues
October 17, 2005
Jürgen Weiss and Thomas Jenkin
Prepared for EESAT Conference Proceedings
Report
New Economy Litigation: Claims to Intellectual Property and Human Capital in a Global Institutional Environment Changing at the Speed of Thought
September 2001
Mark Sarro, Kenneth D. Gartrell, and Jürgen Weiss
Published by International Society of New Institutional Economics
Report
Separate Marketing of Natural Gas by Joint Venture Producers in Australia
September 26, 1998
Prepared at the request of Optima Energy for Submission to the Upstream Issues Working Group Australian and New Zealand Minerals and Energy Council
News & Events
January 04, 2018
Brattle Economists Author Article Discussing the Implications of Autonomous Vehicles for Electric Utilities

Brattle economists have co-authored an article published in The Electricity Journal discussing the implications autonomous vehicles, ride sharing/ride hailing, and electric vehicles (EVs) may have for electric utilities and the utility business model.

November 08, 2017
Jürgen Weiss and Ryan Hledik to Present at Oxford Institute for Energy Studies' Electricity Day

Brattle Principals Jürgen Weiss and Ryan Hledik will present at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies’ (OIES) Electricity Day, taking place November 8, 2017 in Oxford, England.

October 18, 2017
Jürgen Weiss to Present at California ISO Stakeholder Symposium

Brattle Principal Jürgen Weiss will present at California ISO’s 2017 Stakeholder Symposium, taking place October 18-19, 2017 in Sacramento, CA.

August 14, 2017
Brattle Economists: NYISO Carbon Charge Could Help Meet New York Decarbonization Goals More Cost-Effectively

A report authored by Brattle economists and prepared for the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) finds that adding a carbon charge into the wholesale energy market could improve the state’s ability to meet its decarbonization goals cost-effectively. The study reveals that refunding collected carbon revenues back to customers results in minimal impact on customer electricity costs compared to current policies.

June 01, 2017
Jürgen Weiss to Present on Electrification at Colorado State University’s CNNE Conference

Brattle Principal Jürgen Weiss will present at Colorado State University’s Center for the New Energy Economy (CNNE) conference, “Repowering the Western Economy,” taking place June 1, 2017 in Denver, CO.

May 12, 2017
Brattle Economists Assess Impact of Rhode Island Renewable Energy Growth Program

A report by Brattle Principals Mark Berkman and Jürgen Weiss evaluates the economic, jobs, and environmental impacts of the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Growth (REG) Program for years 2015 and 2016, as well as the expected impact of the overall program between 2015 and 2019.

April 05, 2017
Jürgen Weiss to Present at Rural Electric Management Association’s CEOs Spring Conference

Brattle Principal Jürgen Weiss will present at the Rural Electric Management Association’s (REMA) CEOs Spring Conference, taking place April 5-6, 2017 in St. Cloud, MN.

February 22, 2017
Brattle Whitepaper on Benefits of Transportation and Heating Electrification Featured in Vox Article

A whitepaper recently released by Brattle economists on the role transportation and heating electrification could play in increasing utility sales and reducing carbon emissions has been featured in a February 22, 2017 Vox article.

January 24, 2017
Transportation and Heating Electrification Could Aid in Increasing Utility Sales and Reducing Carbon Emissions, According to Brattle Economists

Brattle economists released a whitepaper that shows the potential for U.S. utility sales to nearly double by 2050 while energy sector carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions could decrease by 70 percent or more through the electrification of transportation and heating.

May 23, 2016
Report by Brattle Economists Assesses Impact of Potential New Distribution Tariffs on Electricity Consumers in Great Britain

Brattle economists have authored a report that examines the landscape of emerging domestic distribution tariff design options in Great Britain (GB) and the impacts they may have on electricity consumers.

March 31, 2016
Jürgen Weiss Discusses Increasing Competition Between Renewables and LNG on Canada’s Business News Network

Brattle Principal Jürgen Weiss appeared on a March 30, 2016 segment of Canada’s Business News Network (BNN), where he discussed the increasing competition between renewable power and LNG-fueled gas-fired generation in global energy markets.

February 08, 2016
Case Study Developed by Brattle Principals Wins 2015 CCBJ Business Achievement Award for Wind and Solar Integration

Brattle Principals Jürgen Weiss and Bruce Tsuchida have been awarded the Climate Change Business Journal’s (CCBJ) 2015 Business Achievement Award for Wind and Solar Integration for the case study they prepared for the Advanced Energy Economy Institute.

January 15, 2016
Report by Brattle Economists Reveals Increasing Competition Between Renewable Power and LNG-Fueled Gas-Fired Generation in Global Energy Markets

A new report by economists at The Brattle Group finds that competition between renewable power and gas-fired generation using liquefied natural gas (LNG) from North America is increasing in overseas markets as a result of declining renewable power costs.

January 06, 2016
Policy Brief by Brattle Economists Examines Compliance and Implementation Options Under EPA’s Clean Power Plan

Economists at The Brattle Group issued a policy brief that examines the compliance and implementation challenges facing states and utilities under the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed CO2 emissions standards for existing fossil units under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Section 111(d), known as the Clean Power Plan (CPP).

August 03, 2015
Article by Jürgen Weiss Examines the Benefits and Costs for Utilities of Moving Fast or Slow on Climate Change Mitigation

Principal Jürgen Weiss co-authored an article for the July 2015 issue of The Economists’ Voice that assesses the benefits and costs for utilities in waiting or hurrying when taking climate change mitigation measures.

July 06, 2015
Report by Brattle Economists Examines Feasibility of Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into Electric Grid

A new report authored by principals Jürgen Weiss and Bruce Tsuchida finds that the integration of high levels of variable renewable energy into the electric grid is both technically feasible and can be managed without compromising reliability of electric power service.

May 05, 2015
Jürgen Weiss to Participate in National Governors’ Association Workshop on the EPA’s Clean Power Plan

Brattle principal Jürgen Weiss has been selected to participate in a panel discussion on the Clean Power Plan and reliability at the upcoming National Governors’ Association workshop, “Policy Academy on Examining Federal Greenhouse Gas Rules in the Electric Power Sector.” The event will take place on May 5-7, 2015 in Annapolis, MD.

February 12, 2015
Compliance with EPA’s Clean Power Plan Unlikely to Materially Affect Electric Grid Reliability, According to Report by Brattle Economists

Brattle consultants released a report analyzing concerns raised by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) in its Initial Reliability Review (IRR) about the impact of the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed Clean Power Plan (CPP) for reducing carbon emissions.

February 02, 2015
Jürgen Weiss Examines Lessons from Germany’s Renewables Experience for Electricity Daily

Principal Jürgen Weiss has authored an article for the January 2015 issue of Electricity Policy’s Electricity Daily that discusses Germany’s transition away from fossil fuel generation toward renewable energy. In particular, Dr. Weiss’ article examines the lessons from Germany’s experience that can be applied to the U.S.

January 21, 2015
Jürgen Weiss to Serve as Panelist for the World Future Energy Summit

Brattle principal Jürgen Weiss has been selected to serve as a panelist on energy storage technologies during the World Future Energy Summit (WFES) taking place January 19-22, 2015 in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

January 04, 2015
Jürgen Weiss Featured in Climate Change Business Journal Discussing Clean Power Plan Compliance

Brattle principal Jürgen Weiss was recently featured in the Climate Change Business Journal discussing how Clean Power Plan (CPP) compliance strategies based on renewable power will be integrated with renewable energy credit (REC) markets.

November 19, 2014
Jürgen Weiss Presents on Germany’s Transition to Renewables at NARUC Annual Meeting

Brattle principal Jürgen Weiss recently served as a panelist at the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners’ (NARUC) Annual Meeting on November 16-19 in San Francisco, CA.

July 30, 2014
Jürgen Weiss Authors Report Assessing Major Outcomes from Solar Energy Support in Germany

Principal Jürgen Weiss has authored a report for the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) that examines and outlines the main lessons learned from solar PV energy support in Germany over the last ten years.

June 18, 2014
Policy Brief by Brattle Economists Provides Insights into EPA’s Proposed Carbon Emission Standards for Existing Fossil Units

Brattle economists issued a policy brief that examines the primary features and implications of the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed CO2 emissions standards for existing fossil units under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Section 111(d).

June 04, 2014
Brattle Co-Hosts Roundtable Discussion on the Potential Role of Demand Response in the Natural Gas Industry

The Brattle Group and Brown Rudnick LLP co-hosted the event, “Gas Demand Response: A Solution to the Electricity/Gas Interface Issue?”

June 02, 2014
Brattle Economists Revisit Findings on Potential Effects of Carbon Emissions Rulemakings Ahead of EPA's Clean Air Act

In anticipation of the EPA's proposed guidelines under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act, The Brattle Group has released a compendium of prior studies examining the effects of a potential carbon emissions rulemaking.

May 29, 2014
Report Authored by Brattle Consultants Expands on Previous Work in Analyzing Relationship Between Natural Gas and Renewables in Texas Electricity Market

Brattle consultants released a new report for the Texas Clean Energy Coalition to show how renewable and natural gas-fired electricity sources would develop in the next two decades, and how this development would depend on gas prices, the existence of a capacity mechanism in ERCOT, national carbon policies, and other key market drivers.

Personal Interests

A native of Stuttgart, Germany, Jürgen has lived and worked in Germany, France, and the United States and enjoys hopping between languages and cultures to learn from the differences. Because of his bi-continental background, Jürgen works from both the Boston and Rome offices and maintains a second home in Southern France, where he also tries to pursue his important hobbies of bicycling (in shouting distance of Mont Ventoux), enjoying wine and good food, hiking, canyoning, cooking, and photography.