Ahmad Faruqui, a principal in Brattle’s San Francisco office, participated at the Goldman Sachs 10th Annual Power and Utility Conference in New York City on August 12, 2010. Dr. Faruqui’s presentation, “Demand Response and Energy Efficiency: The Long View,” emphasizes the uncertainties and opportunities that exist in regard to programs that promote the smarter use of energy. Dr. Faruqui describes various demand response programs, whose objective is to reduce demand when the system is stressed, and the projected impacts of these programs, which could include financial benefits of more than $65 billion by 2030. He also describes different types of energy efficiency programs, whose goal is to reduce overall energy consumption, and their projected impacts, which may include benefits of $60 billion by 2030 when combined and enabled by the smart grid. Although the recession has dampened the enthusiasm for these programs, the long-term drivers, such as an increasing dependence on important oil and public concerns over climate change, still exist. In order for these programs to be successful, Dr. Faruqui suggests that end-users must be viewed as “customers”, as opposed to “rate payers”, and regulators need to provide consistent signals in the decades to come on issues such as environmental regulation, renewable energy, and electric vehicles. To download Dr. Faruqui’s presentation, please use the link below.