In connection with the U.S. Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) Connect America Fund and Universal Service Reform, Brattle developed a model for GCI (a wireless and cable company) to determine the costs and feasibility of deploying wireless broadband networks in rural areas throughout the U.S., including remote parts of Alaska. Brattle’s model applied GIS-based analysis to segment geographies and determined options and costs for last mile as well as middle mile (fiber, microwave, and satellite) broadband solutions. The results of Brattle’s model were cited by the FCC in its 2016 Report and Order on Universal Service. This work built upon prior Brattle engagements to develop cost models for wireline and wireless voice and broadband networks used in a range of state and federal regulatory proceedings.