Dr. Sunding testified on behalf of Anadarko Petroleum, the major non-operating investor in the Macondo Prospect, during the civil penalty phase of the Deepwater Horizon trial. He presented arguments that the deterrence objective of the Clean Water Act would not be advanced by imposing a significant penalty on a non-operating entity. The court ultimately issued a $159.5 million penalty for Anadarko, which was significantly less than the minimum penalty of $1 billion sought by the federal government.

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