Dr. Fox-Penner is the Founder and Director of Boston University’s Institute for Sustainable Energy (ISE), and a Professor of Practice at BU’s Questrom School of Business, where he teaches courses on sustainable energy and electric power.

Dr. Fox-Penner’s research and writing interests are in the areas of electric power strategy, regulation, and governance; energy and climate policy; sustainable finance; and the relationships between public and private economic activity. Prior to BU, he served for over two decades as Principal and Chairman at Brattle. He has also served as a Senior Official at the US Department of Energy and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Currently, Dr. Fox-Penner also serves as a Partner and Chief Strategy Officer at Energy Impact Partners, one of the largest dedicated clean energy private equity fund groups in the world. He is on the global advisory council of the Earth Day Network and on the advisory boards for Mobility Impact Partners and the National Regulatory Research Institute’s Training Initiative. He previously was on the boards of the Solar Foundation and the Global Energy Group and served as an advisor to the Center for National Policy, the Aspen Energy Institute, the Hewlett Foundation, and other organizations.

Dr. Fox-Penner is a frequent speaker on energy topics and the author of numerous published articles and books, including the highly acclaimed Smart Power: Climate Change, the Smart Grid, and the Future of Electric Utilities (Island Press, 2010) and its sequel Power after Carbon (Harvard University Press, 2020). His research has been widely cited, including in one US Supreme Court decision.


University of Chicago, PhD

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, MS and BS in Engineering

Personal Interests

Peter serves on a number of boards and has extensive management and advisory experience, including:

  • Board of Directors, the Solar Foundation (2010-Fall 2012)
  • Advisory Board, Enviance, Inc. (provider of greenhouse gas, environmental life cycle cost, and supply chain management software) (2007-present)
  • Advisory Board, Gridpoint, Inc. (smart grid and energy efficiency firm) (2009-2012)
  • Co-founder and Vice Chair, ENpartners LLC (greentech advisory and PE firm)
  • Past Advisor to the Center for National Policy and Progressive Policy Institute (1996-2007)


October 7, 2013

Peter Fox-Penner, William Zarakas

Analysis of Benefits: PSE&G’s Energy Strong Program, by Peter Fox-Penner and William P. Zarakas. In the Matter of the Petition of Public Service Electric and Gas Company for Approval of the Energy Strong Program, NJ BPU Docket No. EO13020155 and GO13020156.
September 21, 2012

Prepared Direct Testimony on behalf of the California Parties re: the examination of two aspects of the Respondents’ spot market sales activities to CERS during the CERS Period, before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Docket No. EL01-10-085

August 25, 2011

Prepared Direct Testimony on behalf of the California Parties re: tariff violations affected MCP, before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Docket No. EL00-95-248

September 29, 2010

Peter Fox-Penner, Johannes Pfeifenberger,and Delphine Hou

Before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Docket No. RM10-23-000, Filed Comments re: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Transmission Planning and Cost Allocation by Transmission Owning and Operating Public Utilities